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Different Types of Hydroponic Systems

Hydroponics is an effective technique to grow plants in water solutions that contain essential nutrients that the plants need. In this technique, plants grow in a soilless medium. The roots of the plants are directly in contact with the nutrient-mixed water solution. The advantage of Hydroponics is that the plants remain healthy, produce a higher yield, grow faster, manage space very efficiently, and be eco-friendly. There are Different Types of Hydroponic Systems available that you can use according to your needs to achieve this. 

 

By choosing the right hydroponic system and keeping water free from contamination, you can generate ten times more crop yield than other methods. To make you choose the right hydroponics systems, we at Himalayan Greens, Haldwani, will discuss in detail the Different Types of Hydroponic Systems available and what can be the best system for your usage.

There are five types of Hydroponic Systems-

  1. Wick System
  2. Water Culture
  3. Ebb and Flow
  4. Drip System
  5. Aeroponics 

Wick System

The Wick System is one of the most simple and easiest systems of Hydroponics. With this, you can grow plants easily, and anyone can do this. This system is very practical and does not use any electricity, aerators, or pumps. In fact, out of the five Hydroponic systems, Wick is the only one that doesn’t use electricity at all. In a Wick system, the plants are placed on an absorbent like vermiculite and perlite. These are surrounded by Nylon Wicks which are directly submerged into the nutrient solution.

If you plan for a Wick System, you should know that it is not suitable for big farms and gardens. In the Wick Hydroponic system, plants can’t get high amount of nutrients, thus making it beneficial for small gardens only. This system is great for small plants that don’t require much water. You should avoid planting pepper and tomatoes as these are heavy feeding plants. They require high amounts of nutrients that the wick system won’t provide.

Deep Water Culture

 

Deep Water Culture is another simple method of Hydroponics farming. In this system, the roots of the plants are submerged in water that has nutrients in it. The Deepwater culture method bypasses this process. Unlike the Wick System, where the plant is grown with absorbent material. Instead, the oxygen to the plant is pumped into the water through the diffuser or air stone. While using this system, ensure that the plants are secured in their proper position supported with net pots. 

The main advantage of this hydroponic system is that the roots are placed in the nutrient solution directly, so plants grow fast and remain healthy. Another good thing about Deep Water Culture is that it is very easy to make. Even the big plants with a sizable foot system can grow quickly in this system. The only issue is the root decay that is caused by the dirty growing conditions.

Ebb and Flow

The Ebb and Flow system is another hydroponic technique that is quite popular among home gardeners. It is also called the flood and drain system. In this system, the plants are kept on a spacious base fitted with a growing medium like perlite or Rockwool. The bed is then flooded with nutrient-rich water up to a certain point. The water reaches below the top layer of the growing medium so that the solution doesn’t overflow and get wasted.

A water pump is needed to flood the grow bed that is fitted with a timer. The timer keeps a check on the water flow and will switch off the pump after some time. The Ebb and Flow system is considered good for growing any plant. It is recommended not to grow large plants as they will require more space. This leads to a scarcity of growing medium and nutrient solutions. The only issue with this system is that the entire system fails in case the pump ceases to work.

Drip System 

A Drip System is the most popular Hydroponic system as it is easy to use and can be used anywhere, be it in small gardens or on big farms. Almost any kind of plant can be grown with this method and that too very efficiently. The system has to change according to the plant’s needs. This makes it best suited for the plants that require regular changes in their requirements. In a Drip System, the solution is passed through the tube to the plant’s base. You can control the water flow for each type of plant with an emitter present at end of the tubes. It tells how much solution is required by the plant.

A Drip System can be circulating or non-circulating. In a circulating system, the solution keeps circulating. Whatever is left goes back to the tank that holds the nutrient solutions. You can control the flow rate of the solution for which you can grow any plant in the Drip System.

Aeroponics

Aeroponic systems are easy to understand but somewhat difficult to construct. With this type of system, the plants you want to grow will be suspended in the air. A few misting nozzles are positioned under the plants. These nozzles will spray the nutrient solution onto the roots of each plant, which has proven to be a very effective hydroponic method. As the pressure increases in the pump, the solution is sprayed with any excess falling into the reservoir below.

As long as you use the right dimensions for the tank, you can grow almost any type of plant in an aeroponic system. However, the tank will need to be very deep if you plan to grow taller plants. Otherwise, the mist nozzles might not be able to reach all of the roots. This system also uses less water than any other hydroponic system, which is great for efficiency. However, there are a few issues with this system. On the one hand, they can be expensive to build. On the other hand, the nozzles that spray nutrients can also get clogged now and then, which can be frustrating to clean.

Conclusion

Due to commercialization and industrialization, the world has gained many things, but at the same time, it has caused a lot of problems too. One of the main problems that the world is facing is a scarcity of land. As the population is growing, there will be more requirements for agricultural products in the future. But agricultural lands have been reducing day by day, which will cause a lot of problems for future generations. 

Hydroponic farming solves all these problems as it uses less space and yields a good number of crops. Also, it uses less amount of water, almost 90% less than the traditional farming methods. So, these were the Different Types of Hydroponic Systems that are being widely used throughout the world. We at Himalayan Greens, Haldwani, grow our farm food products with Hydroponics. To know more about us, you can visit our website and head to our blog section to know more about hydroponics farming.

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