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How To Grow Hydroponic Bell Peppers Effectively?

Bell Peppers are fruits that are native to Central and South America. They are botanically known as (Capsicum annum) belongs to the Nightshade family. Bell Peppers also known as Sweet Peppers or Capsicums are related to chilli peppers, tomatoes, and breadfruit. Bell peppers can be cooked or can be eaten raw. Also, it can be dried and made into powdered form, just like their relative’s chilli peppers. The powdered form of Red Bell Pepper is generally known as Paprika. Bell peppers come in various colors such as Red, yellow, orange, and green. They are considered healthy fruit as they have low calories and are rich in Vitamin C. Let us now look at How to grow Hydroponic Bell Peppers Effectively.

Bell Peppers are an excellent plant to grow with Hydroponic techniques and they are more advanced than tomatoes and lettuce. If grown properly with utmost care you will get great quality fruits with better yields, if compared to the soil-based Bell Pepper. For best results, you need to grow Bell Peppers in ideal conditions with proper light, temperature, and pH levels. It is an excellent plant for commercial growers and garden enthusiasts can too easily grow this plant in their backyard with the help of Hydroponics.

Himalayan Greens, Haldwani is a full-fledged hydroponic farm. We grow fresh strawberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, basil, rosemary, sage, green vegetables such as kale, swiss chard, bok choi, lettuce, etc. Our vegetables and fruits are rich in nutrients and chemical-free. One of our favorite vegetables is Bell Pepper that is quite healthy and grows easily with hydroponics.

Which Bell Pepper Variety to choose for your Hydroponic Farm?

A wide variety of bell peppers can be found in the market, but which one do you think is best suited for your plant? It might take some time for hydroponic growers to select the best variety for this type of farming. But we are here to help you and suggest to you some of the finest varieties that are usually available and are grown by the farmers.

One of the most popular hydroponic Bell peppers is the sweet bell peppers of California Wonder that produces more pepper fruits in a single plant. There are also other varieties that you can grow like Vidi, Ace, or Yolo Wonder.

Which Hydroponic system is best suited for Bell Peppers?

Bell Peppers can be grown in any of the hydroponic systems. But before choosing system research about the fruit size of the bell pepper plant. As some hydroponic systems would not be able to sustain the fruit size to its full potential. Deepwater culture and Ebb and flow are the two hydroponics systems that are best for Bell Peppers. These are the low-cost hydro mechanisms that provide enough watering and oxygenated nutrient solutions automatically.

To know more about different types of hydroponic systems click here.

What are the best conditions to grow Hydroponic Bell Peppers?

Humidity

Just like tomatoes, the humidity levels required to grow peppers in hydroponics are generally high, i.e., from 55 to 65%. The humidity level should not be higher than this level. You can consider a range of 60 – 80% of humidity, but we won’t recommend it for growing pepper plants. If the humidity level increases than the suggested level then it may lead to the formation of deformed fruits.

pH Value

In Hydroponic Farming pH value plays an important role in determining the health of the plant. The pH value for hydroponic bell peppers should be around 6.0 to 6.5. If it is lower or higher than this level then the plant won’t intake essential minerals from the water solution. Hence leading to unhealthy plants. Make sure pH remains the same and does not fluctuate very often to preserve the plant development at a consistent rate and proper pH.

Light 

Bell pepper plant needs a minimum of 14 to 18 hours of light every day for stable development. You can also use artificial lights such as HID or lead grow lamps that can also be used for indoor plant heating. For commercial growers, this type of lighting is best suited.

Temperature

A specific temperature range needs to be followed for growing peppers. The temperature at night should be 18°C or more than that. The day temperature should be around 30°C. Never let the temperature be more than 34°C to maintain the growth of the plant. Even in a warmer climate, the temperature should be less than 35°C, else the flowers of the plant will fall. 

Nutrient 

One should use a nutrient regimen to feed the bell pepper plant that benefits vegetative growth. Mix one-part nutrient solution in water for bell pepper preparation. As the plant reaches the flowering stage, lessen the amount of nitrogen and switch to another one-part nutrient product. Adding potassium and phosphorus will enhance the production of Bell Pepper’s fruits, leaves, and flowers.

Plant Spacing

A bell pepper plant needs proper spacing for its full development. Keep a distance of 18 to 24 inches between the plants for the finest spacing condition. You can also place them closer, but there will be a potential risk of shaded lighting.

Conclusion

So, we at Himalayan Greens, Haldwani think that this article would have helped you to know ‘How to grow Hydroponic Bell Peppers Effectively?’ Whether you are a home gardener or a commercial farmer you can easily grow Bell Peppers with hydroponic. To learn about more hydroponic plants head to our blog section.

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